Monday, August 24, 2009

Benefits Worldwide of Nursing ETDs

In a recent article, "Electronic Theses and Dissertations: A Review of this Valuable Resource for Nurse Scholars Worldwide" in International Nursing Review L. M. Goodfellow makes a strong case that nurse scholars from both developing and developed countries could benefit from ETDs. In particular, "An international repository of ETDs benefits the community of nurse scholars in many ways. The ability to access recent graduate students' research electronically from anywhere in the world is advantageous. For scholars residing in developing countries, access to these ETDs may prove to be even more valuable."

Full text of article.

Friday, August 21, 2009

Tuesday, August 11, 2009

Public Access Policies and ARL Libraries

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has published the results of a survey of ARL member libraries that provides information about how those libraries are helping their faculty meet open access mandates. An excerpt from the report's Executive Summary follows:
In many academic and research institutions, libraries
have taken the lead in developing resources
and services to support authors who are required to
comply with public access policies. This survey was
designed to explore the role libraries are playing in
supporting public access policies in their institutions.
The entire report is available.

Monday, August 10, 2009

Equity for Open-Access Journal Publishing

Stuart M. Shieber, Director of the Office for Scholarly Communication at Harvard University, has authored a new article proposing changes to allow open-access journals to compete more effectively with traditional, subscription-based journals.

Shieber SM (2009) Equity for Open-Access Journal Publishing. PLoS Biol 7(8): e1000165.

Scholars write articles to be read—the more access to their articles the better—so one might think that the open-access approach to publishing, in which articles are freely available online to all without interposition of an access fee, would be an attractive competitor to traditional subscription-based journal publishing.

But open-access journal publishing is currently at a systematic disadvantage relative to the traditional model.

I propose a simple, cost-effective remedy to this inequity that would put open-access publishing on a path to become a sustainable, efficient system, allowing the two journal publishing systems to compete on a more level playing field. The issue is important, first, because academic institutions shouldn't perpetuate barriers to an open-access business model on principle and, second, because the subscription-fee business model has manifested systemic dysfunctionalities in practice. After describing the problem with the subscription-fee model, I turn to the proposal for providing equity for open-access journal publishing—the open-access compact.

Full article. (Thanks to Syed Khan for bringing this to our attention.)