Friday, October 30, 2009

Cornell University Library Publishes New Digitization Manual

Cornell University Library has just published the book "Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for Digitization for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums.” From the 29th Oct., 2009 press release:
. . . . Based on a well-received Australian manual written by Emily Hudson and Andrew T. Kenyon of the University of Melbourne, the book has been developed by Cornell University Library’s senior policy advisor Peter B. Hirtle, along with Hudson and Kenyon, to conform to American law and practice.

The development of new digital technologies has led to fundamental changes in the ways that cultural institutions fulfill their public missions of access, preservation, research, and education. Many institutions are developing publicly accessible Web sites that allow users to visit online exhibitions, search collection databases, access images of collection items, and in some cases create their own digital content. Digitization, however, also raises the possibility of copyright infringement. It is imperative that staff in libraries, archives, and museums understand fundamental copyright principles and how institutional procedures can be affected by the law.

“Copyright and Cultural Institutions” was written to assist understanding and compliance with copyright law. It addresses the basics of copyright law and the exclusive rights of the copyright owner, the major exemptions used by cultural heritage institutions, and stresses the importance of “risk assessment” when conducting any digitization project. Case studies on digitizing oral histories and student work are also included. . . .

The work is available for free download at: <> and <>. One may also purchase a print copy for $39.95 at .

Monday, October 26, 2009

The Depot-- Repository for Those Without an Institutional Repository of their Own

International researchers at institutions lacking open access repositories can now use The Depot service to preserve open access to their scholarly papers, articles, and book chapters (e-prints). As part of the deposition process, researchers are alerted to the availability of local, more appropriate repositories, if they exist, by Depot's re-direct service, Repository Junction. As new, relevant repositories are created, Repository Junction will support the transfer of previously-deposited materials to the new repository. Created with initial funding by JISC, a major force in advancing open access data in the UK and worldwide, and hosted by EDINA, the JISC national academic data center based at the University of Edinburgh, The Depot was initially launched in 2007, and has now been re-launched in celebration of Open Access Week (Oct. 19 - 23, 2009). The Depot is OAI-compliant, allowing deposited e-prints to be 'harvested' by search engines, and other repositories, across the world. (Boston College researchers can use eScholarship@BC for open access deposition of their materials.)

Friday, October 23, 2009

BC Library Newsletter Celebrates OA Week

This week marks international Open Access (OA) Week. OA encourages the unrestricted sharing of research results with everyone, everywhere, for the advancement and enjoyment of knowledge and society. The current Boston College Library Newsletter celebrates OA, focusing in particular on OA activities at Boston College.

MIT Open Access Articles - New Collection Supports Faculty Policy

A new development this week with MIT's DSpace: "A new collection of scholarly articles by MIT authors is openly available to the world today through MIT's research repository DSpace@MIT. . . . . . . . . "

Thursday, October 22, 2009

The Institutional Repository: Will It Achieve Wide Acceptance?

In a recent article in Nature News (Sept. 9, 2009) titled "Data Sharing: Empty Archives," examples are given of institutional repositories (IRs) which have not gained acceptance among researchers. To some degree, whether or not a scientist will deposit his or her work in an IR depends upon the common practice of their particular discipline. But in many research areas the adage "build it and they will come" has not proven to be the case.

The article also provides a number of examples of efforts to encourage data sharing as well as reasons why such sharing is beneficial to researchers. Copyright concerns, privacy rights of study participants, and sufficient funding for technology can slow or halt progress toward open access to data. Successful use of IRs may ultimately depend on the backing of the major players:
Perhaps not surprisingly, data-sharing advocates say, the power to prod researchers towards openness and consistency rests largely with those who have always had the most clout in science: the funding agencies, which can demand data sharing in return for support; the scientific societies, which can establish it as a precedent; and the journals, which can make sharing a condition of publication.

Friday, October 16, 2009

More and More Students are Advocating for Open Access

The student Right to Research Coalition, a body that advocates for increased Open Access to research results, now represents over 5 million students internationally. From SPARC's 15 October's press release:

The student Right to Research Coalition, a group of national, international, and local student associations that advocate for governments, universities, and researchers to adopt Open Access practices, has now grown to include some of the most prominent student organizations from the United States and across the world. The recent addition of 8 new organizations brings the number of students represented by the coalition to over 5 million, demonstrating the broad, passionate support Open Access enjoys from the student community. . . .

“The incredible growth of the student interest in Open Access, especially the depth of their commitment to advocacy, sends a strong signal that this movement is here to stay,” commented Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC. “We’re looking forward to the energy, creativity, and passion that these groups will surely bring to ensuring that scholarly research is accessible to all.”

Student organizations are invited to join the coalition at

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Harvard, National Library of China Embark on Digitization Project

Harvard College Library and the National Library of China are collaborating on a massive six-year digitization project. One of the largest cooperative projects ever between China and US libraries, the project will digitize Harvard-Yenching Library’s entire 51,500-volume Chinese rare book collection. It is likely that the increased access to these rare texts will have a transformative impact on Chinese scholarship.

See the 9 October, 2009 press release.

Sunday, October 11, 2009

New SPARC Guide Reviews Income Models For Supporting Open Access Journals

ARL's SPARC has just released a new guide guide that provides an overview of income models currently being used to support the open-access distribution of peer-reviewed scholarly and scientific journals. From the press release:
“Who pays for Open Access?” is a key question faced by publishers, authors, and libraries as awareness and interest in free, immediate, online access to scholarly research increases. SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) examines the issue of sustainability for current and prospective open-access publishers in a timely new guide, “Income models for Open Access: An overview of current practice,” by Raym Crow.

“Income models for Open Access: An overview of current practice” examines the use of supply-side revenue streams (such as article processing fees, advertising) and demand-side models (including versioning, use-triggered fees). The guide provides an overview of income models currently in use to support open-access journals, including a description of each model along with examples of journals currently employing it.

The website/guide is accessible at

Friday, October 9, 2009

Celebrating Open Access Week Oct. 19-24 2009

To broaden your knowledge of Open Access there is a webcast on Tuesday, October 13, 2009 11:00 A.M.-12:00 P.M. Participation is free. Please register no later than 12PM Eastern Monday, October 12th. Additional news on Open Access Week 2009.

Monday, October 5, 2009

Friday, October 2, 2009

GWLA Chief Academic and Research Officers Support FRPAA

On 1 October, 2009 the Chief Academic and Research Officers of the Greater Western Library Alliance member universities sent a letter to Congress supporting the Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA). The signatories of the letter were representatives from the following universities: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Washington University; University of Kansas; University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Arizona State University; University of Oregon; Texas Tech University; Kansas State University; University of Utah; Southern Illinois University Carbondale; University of Colorado – Boulder; Utah State University; University of Missouri – Columbia; Oregon State University.

The goal of FRPAA, introduced into Congress by Senators John Cornyn (R-TX) and Joe Lieberman, (I-CT), is to require that final manuscripts of original research papers that have been accepted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and result from research supported, in whole or in part, from funding by the Federal Government be made freely available online as soon as practicable, but not later than 6 months after publication. The federal research agencies affected by this bill are those with extramural research expenditures of over $100,000,000.

Excerpt from the letter:
Timely, barrier-free access to the results of federally funded research supports the core mission of our academic institutions and is essential to fully utilize our collective investment in science. FRPAA will help us maximize this investment by increasing the sharing research results, advancing the pace of discovery, and applying this knowledge for the benefit of our communities.

The FRPAA bill also expands on the success of the public access policy of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the first U.S. agency to require public access to taxpayer-funded research. More than 450,000 unique users access material from the NIH repository each day. Under S.1373, we envision researchers and students working in fields of equal importance – from climate change to renewable energy – having the same access to federally funded research to advance their critical work.
Full-text of letter.